German Institute for Development Evaluation

Integration of Technical Cooperation Instruments (concluded)

Taking effect from January 2011, GTC, DED and InWEnt were merged to form GIZ in accordance to the decision of the German government to create a unified institution for German Technical Cooperation. GIZ bundles all the competencies, expertise and long-term experience of its three predecessor organisations and combines under one roof the full repertoire of the numerous instruments of Technical Cooperation (TC).

DEval is currently evaluating the integration of TC instruments in the context of this Technical Cooperation merger in 2011 in order to determine and appraise the effectiveness of combining the deployment of TC instruments “out of one hand”. The core focus of this evaluation is on the combined deployment of TC instruments before and after the 2011 Implementation Structural Reform (Vorfeldreform) and the changes that have resulted from this at various levels.

Aims and purpose of the evaluation

The aim of the evaluation is to find out how successful the Technical Cooperation merger has been in terms of changes in the effectiveness and efficiency of the combined deployment of TC instruments with and within partner countries following the integration into one agency.

Therefore, the TC instruments evaluation does not seek to examine every aspect of the 2011 Implementation Structure Reform, i.e. it is not an evaluation of the TC merger as such.

Rather, at about three-and-a-half years after the structural reform of the implementing organisations came into effect, it is now possible to take stock of how far the theoretical assumptions about the merger’s benefits were correct with regard to the integration of TC instruments. It can now be addressed to what extent the intended improvements have actually occurred and whether certain reference points for corrective measures can be identified.

In addition, the evaluation is intended to help clarify the profile of individual TC instruments, optimise the planning process for integrated projects, and identify possible success criteria for an optimal planning, management and impact orientation of instrument integration.

Research questions

Preliminary evaluation issues have been identified for the study in two core areas. They will be operationalised and further specified in the course of the evaluation:

1. Changes in the effectiveness of TC instruments within the integrated programmes after consolidation within one organisation,

2. Changes in the BMZ’s capacity to manage Technical Cooperation, and the external visibility of German Development Cooperation, i.e. the changed relationship between BMZ, other donors, implementing organisations and partner organisations.


The evaluation will be rolled out in two phases.

Phase I: The inception phase, taking place in autumn 2014, has been concluded in December with the submission of an inception report. In addition to an analysis of programme proposals by GIZ, the report drew on exploratory case studies involving interviews with various stakeholders in three countries (Indonesia, Kenya, Nepal). Therefore, the working hypotheses were empirically underpinned by perceptions drawn from the field. Initial assessments were derived as to whether stakeholders (members of German and international development cooperation organisations, as well as partners) have already observed any increases in effectiveness and whether they perceive weaknesses and vulnerabilities. Additionally, an initial assessment of changes in the visibility and image of DC/TC and in donor coordination was made.

Phase II: Based on the findings from the inception phase, the evaluation design was undertaken for the main phase. This included not only specifying the questions to be answered, but also selecting the most relevant countries for conducting in-depth surveys on the ground.

A pilot study was conducted in Uganda and its findings were analysed in the first quarter of 2015. The results formed the basis for optimising the survey instruments and for determining the number and choice of the further case study countries Egypt, Bolivia, Mongolia and South Africa which were visited between May and July.

Additionally, three online surveys have been conducted in the third quarter of 2015, addressing all GIZ programme managers, development advisors and integrated experts.

Current planning indicates that the conclusion of the evaluation’s main phase and the submission of an evaluation report will occur in the beginning of 2017.

As at: February 2017